The European Union gives the possibility to its citizens to freely move and work almost within all of its territory.
Although agreements for certain work fields and professions exist, citizens of some EU member countries do not have the full work mobility rights. Despite the easiness of free movement within the European Union, only a few citizens benefit from it. In order to promote work mobility, the European Commission and the Assembly of the Regions of Europe have implemented several programmes and incentives. Most of these programmes are primarily determined period assignments designed for youngsters, so that the coming generations are already accustomed to moving for work, For instance, Leonardo da Vinci Programme has been elaborated and launched by the European Commission to help freshly graduated workers to undertake an internship in another EU country.
As it is quite difficult for youth to immediately find a job once they graduate, this programme allows them to acquire initial experience by doing an internship in a different cultural context.
This way, in addition to acquiring working experience and new skills, participants are offered the chance to get international working experience, all of which increase their chances of finding a job once they are back in their home countries. Eurodyssée is another programme that allows youth under their thirties to acquire professional experience abroad in partner regions.
An official platform called EURES has been created in order to facilitate the search for job vacancies abroad, the preparation of international CVs and help increase the international visibility of workers.
In order to promote entrepreneurship, innovativeness, international communication and exchange of skills and “know-how” throughout the European Union, the Erasmus for Entrepreneurs Programme has been elaborated.
Apart from European Union initiatives meant to promote work mobility, one can benefit from internships arranged by different student organisations, among which those offered by AIESEC are the best known. AIESEC offers its member students internships in Europe, as well as elsewhere, in three key areas: management, technology and education, depending on the academic background of the participant.